Trees and Shrubs - Edible Species
This is a list of edible species found on this site, in order by the Common Name that is used for each species on this site. Click Here for a list of Poisonous Species
PLEASE NOTE: **YOU**, and ONLY YOU, are responsible for determining whether a particular species of plant is edible,
what parts are edible and when, and how to safely prepare/cook it.
When considering whether to eat a particular plant, you need to be very sure of its identification.
Many poisonings have happened due to misidentification!
The indications on this website as to edibility should be considered an overall summary only, and NOT a definitive source of information
about edibility of various species.
- Apple (Malus domestica) - Fruits are very edible.
- Baked-apple Berry (Rubus chamaemorus) - The berries are edible.
- Blueberry, Velvetleaf (Vaccinium myrtilloides) - The berries are delicious.
- Bunchberry (Cornus canadensis) - The berries are edible, but hardly worth it due to the single hard seed at the center to which the edible part clings tenaciously.
- Chestnut, American (Castanea dentata) - The nuts are edible and delicious.
- Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana) - Edible but extremely tart, hence the name!
- Cranberry, Large (Vaccinium macrocarpon) - Berries are edible. Best if cooked.
- Cranberry, Small (Vaccinium oxyoccos) - The berries are edible, although best if cooked first.
- Currant, Wild Black (Ribes americanum) -
- Elderberry, Common (Sambucus nigra) - The berries make excellent pies.
- Fir, Balsam (Abies balsamea) - The needles make a nice bush tea.
- Gale, Sweet (Myrica gale) - Tea cna be made from the leaves.
- Gooseberry, Bristly Wild (Ribes oxyacanthoides) - Fruits are edible.
- Gooseberry, Prickly (Ribes cynosbati) - Fruits are edible.
- Gooseberry, Wild (Ribes hirtellum) - Fruits are edible.
- Hemlock, Eastern (Tsuga canadensis) - Needles make a nice tea.
- Juneberry, Mountain (Amelanchier bartramiana) - The ripe berries are edible.
- Maple, Black (Acer nigrum) - Sap is edible.
- Maple, Sugar (Acer saccharum) - Sap is edible.
- Nannyberry (Viburnum lentago) - Fruits are edible.
- Partridgeberry (Mitchella repens) - The berries are edible, but not very flavourful.
- Pine, Eastern White (Pinus strobus) - Needles make a nice tea.
- Raisin, Wild (Viburnum nudum) - Fruits are edible.
- Raspberry, Black (Rubus occidentalis) - Fruits are delicious.
- Raspberry, Wild Red (Rubus idaeus) - The fruits are delicious.
- Serviceberry, Downy (Amelanchier arborea) - The ripe berries are edible.
- Serviceberry, Low (Amelanchier humilis) - The ripe berries are edible.
- Serviceberry, Smooth (Amelanchier laevis) - The ripe berries are edible.
- Serviceberry, Swamp (Amelanchier canadensis) - Fruits edible, juicy.
- Snowberry, Creeping (Gaultheria hispidula) - Berries are edible; taste mildly of wintergreen.
- Sweetfern (Comptonia peregrina) - The nutlets are edible. Tea can be made from the leaves.
- Walnut, Black (Juglans nigra) - Nuts are edible.
- Walnut, English (Juglans regia) - Nuts are very edible - this is the source of commercial walnuts.
- Wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens) - Berries are edible. Leaves may be chewed for the wintergreen taste.